Immigration will remain key driver of population growth over next 50 years, says Statistics Canada

HEADLINES Canadians mixed
Canadians from every ethnic group celebrated together during the 2010 Winter Games in Vancouver.

TOO bad for all those racists (white and non-white) and immigrant haters!

Canada has no choice but to carry on with immigration. A Statistics Canada report released on Wednesday says that according to all projection scenarios “migratory increase would remain the key driver of population growth over the next 50 years, as has been the case since the early 1990s.”

The Canadian population would continue to grow over the next 50 years, reaching between 40 million people and 63.5 million people by 2063. The level of variation across scenarios demonstrates the uncertainty inherent to population projections, and is linked to different assumptions about future fertility, mortality and migration levels. In the medium-growth scenario, the Canadian population would grow from 35.2 million people in 2013 to 51 million people by 2063.

However, the rate of population growth would slow in the coming years according to the low- and medium-growth scenarios, as the contribution of natural increase (the difference between births and deaths) to population growth in Canada would diminish. Specifically, the number of deaths will increase in the next several decades as a result of population growth and aging.


25% WILL BE 65 OR OLDER BY 2030


ACCORDING to all scenarios, population aging would continue in the coming years. Over the next two decades in particular, the proportion of seniors aged 65 years and over in the population would grow rapidly as the large baby-boom (1946 to 1965) cohort reaches age 65 and over. Thus, by 2030, the year in which the youngest baby boomers will reach age 65, close to one in four persons in Canada would be aged 65 years or over (22.2% in the high-growth scenario, 22.8% in the medium-growth scenario and 23.6% in the low-growth scenario) compared with 15.3% in 2013.

The number of persons aged 65 years and over per 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years would also increase, from about 22 in 2013 to 37 in 2030 according to the medium-growth scenario.

During the same period, the working-age population—persons aged 15 to 64 years, most of them being in the labour force—would decrease according to all projection scenarios, from 68.6% in 2013 to about 60% in 2030. Between 2030 and 2063, this proportion would remain fairly stable.

The number of older seniors would also increase according to all projection scenarios. By 2063, the number of Canadians aged 80 years and over would reach nearly 5 million according to the medium-growth scenario, compared with 1.4 million in 2013. According to this scenario, the share of older seniors in the total population would increase slightly from 2013 to 2026—from 4.1% to 5.3%—and would then increase more rapidly between 2026 and 2045, from 5.3% to 9.6%, as the baby-boom cohorts reach this age group. During this period, the proportion of older seniors among the total senior population aged 65 years and over would also increase, from 26.6% in 2013 to 39.4% in 2045.

The number of centenarians in Canada would reach more than 62,000 persons in 2063 according to the medium-growth scenario, compared with just under 7,000 in 2013. This nine-fold increase in the number of centenarians over the next 50 years would be mostly a result of the arrival of baby boomers in this age group beginning in 2046, combined with a projected decline in mortality.




BETWEEN 2013 and 2038, most provinces and territories would see their populations increase, while some of the Atlantic provinces and some territories would experience population decline in certain scenarios.

At the provincial and territorial level, the five medium-growth scenarios show varying results because of the different assumptions regarding interprovincial migration, which often has a large impact on regional population growth.

Despite these variations, all scenarios show that population aging will continue in all provinces and territories over the next 25 years. The proportion of the population aged 65 years and over will be higher in the Atlantic provinces and Quebec compared with the Western provinces, with the exception of British Columbia.

British Columbia: British Columbia’s population would continue to grow over the next 25 years according to all scenarios, primarily as a result of immigration and, in some scenarios, interprovincial migration.

Quebec: Quebec’s population would grow over the next 25 years in all projection scenarios, mostly as a result of immigration.

The rate of population growth in Quebec, however, would remain lower than that of Canada in most scenarios. As a result, Quebec’s demographic weight within the nation would continue to decrease over the next 25 years.

Ontario: According to all projection scenarios, the population of Ontario would increase over the next 25 years, reaching between 14.8 million and 18.3 million inhabitants by 2038. Ontario would remain the most populous province according to all scenarios.

In all scenarios, immigration would remain the key driver of Ontario’s population growth.

Alberta: In all scenarios, population growth in Alberta would be the highest among Canadian provinces over the next 25 years. By 2038, Alberta’s population would number between 5.6 million and 6.8 million people depending on the scenario, compared with 4.0 million in 2013.

Alberta’s population would surpass that of British Columbia by 2038 according to most scenarios.

Alberta would continue to have the lowest proportion of seniors among the Canadian provinces by 2038, at less than 20% in all scenarios.

The proportion of the population aged 65 and over would reach between 24% and 27% in British Columbia in 2038 according to the scenarios, levels higher than the national average.